Among the top positions of the U.S. government are the Vice President and the Speaker of the House.
There are also the heads of 15 executive departments and the White House chief of staff.
These positions play an integral role in the success of the government.
Read on to learn about their duties and responsibilities.
The Vice President of the United States and the heads of the executive departments, as well as the United States ambassador to the United Nations, are part of the president’s cabinet.
Other cabinet-level positions include the White House chief of staff, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, and the United States trade representative.
The president may choose to add an additional cabinet member if he or she wishes.
The President is the highest office in the United States.
As the head of the federal government and Commander in Chief of the armed forces, the President is elected to a four-year term.
The Vice President is elected to support the President and may become president if the president is unable to serve.
The Vice President can serve an unlimited number of terms as a vice president.
Members of the Cabinet serve as advisors to the president.
They are subject to the orders of the president and are only removed by him.
While the president is ultimately responsible for all executive decisions, cabinet members are influential and often have significant power.
Their primary job is to advise the President on the duties of their respective offices.
The Vice President’s main role is to preside over the Senate.
However, the position’s powers have expanded dramatically over the years.
Former Vice President Dick Cheney helped to shape the foreign policy of George W. Bush.
Former Indiana governor Mike Pence is the choice to replace Joe Biden after Trump’s inauguration in January.
White House chief of staff
The White House chief of staff is the political appointee who oversees and advises the president.
The current chief of staff is Ron Klain, who was appointed by Joe Biden and will take over on November 11, 2020.
The chief of staff is the most senior political appointee in the White House.
This position has daily contact with the president and has overall control over the Executive Office of the President.
The president may designate senior members of the White House staff as members of his Cabinet.
However, these members are only considered Cabinet members if the president appoints them to the position.
While membership in the Cabinet is a status marker, it does not confer additional powers.
The secretary of the treasury and the secretary of defense are two of the Cabinet-level positions in the White House.
The secretary of the treasury is responsible for the administration’s financial policies, while the secretary of defense advises the president on military policy.
Ash Carter is currently the secretary of defense.
The attorney general is in charge of the United States Department of Justice and advises the president on legal matters. Loretta Lynch is the attorney general.
John Kerry served as Secretary of State during the Obama administration.
He is a native of Minnesota who has worked in both the Senate and the White House in national security roles.
He also helped lead the effort to reduce waiting times in veterans’ hospitals.
As a former senator, he is widely considered to be a key troubleshooter, and his new role will be to work closely with the Defense Department and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
The President’s main advisers are usually personal friends, often those who played an important role in his election.
In addition to the chief of staff, there are other key staff members who support the president.
The president’s personal attorney, press secretary, appointments secretary, and other support staff members all work in the White House Office.
The chief of staff, who oversees the president’s political and policy interests, is a top official in the executive office.
Heads of 15 executive departments
President-elect Donald Trump is close to naming his Cabinet.
He must select the heads of the 15 executive departments, and then the Senate must confirm these nominees.
This process is called Senate reconciliation, which requires a simple majority vote to pass the nominees.
Filling the Cabinet has been a top priority for presidents-elect since the days of George Washington.
President Joe Biden has named his Cabinet.
The president is to appoint Cabinet members who represent the nation’s diverse population.
Some examples of cabinet-level positions include the White House chief of staff, US Ambassador to the United Nations, US Trade Representative, Director of National Intelligence, and the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers.
The Cabinet is a group of top advisors to the President.
These officials are often the President’s closest advisers and head the major federal agencies.
As such, they play an important role in the line of succession.
In addition to being close to the President, Cabinet members are appointable by the President and must be confirmed by the Senate.
The president has the authority to make policy and implement laws.
In the executive branch, 15 executive departments are led by members of the President’s Cabinet.
There are also other executive agencies that are not part of the cabinet but are under the full authority of the President.
For example, the President appoints the heads of more than fifty independent federal commissions, federal judges, and federal offices.
Speaker of the House
The Speaker of the House is a presiding officer in the Canadian parliament.
He or she rules over debate by calling motions, reading them before the House, and making decisions.
The Speaker also appoints members of the conference and select committees and performs other important duties.
The Speaker is the second in line of succession to the President.
The Speaker also presides over the daily Question Period and is the first line of communication between the House and the government.
Nancy Pelosi is the current Speaker of the House, and she is the 52nd Speaker.
Pelosi is the first woman to be elected Speaker of the House and was elected in January 2019.
She is a leader in the Democratic Party and a pioneering legislator who steered the passage of landmark legislation during two Democratic administrations.
In her fourth term as Speaker, Pelosi is working on bills to lower costs, raise pay, and create jobs for American families.
As a champion of full equality, Pelosi has been a strong voice for women and minorities in the country and abroad.
She fought to repeal the discriminatory “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy and helped gay and lesbian Americans serve openly.
She has also been instrumental in the passage of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which has advanced the cause of justice for millions of Americans.
In addition, Pelosi fought to support President Obama’s Iran Nuclear Agreement, which has halted Iran’s progress toward nuclear weapons.
Speaker Pelosi has led the House to pass landmark bills on healthcare, civil rights, and the environment.
She has been instrumental in lowering health care premiums, reducing the federal deficit, and providing health care to 11 million Americans.
She has also helped to pass bipartisan legislation to protect farmworkers, veterans, and children exposed to hazardous chemicals.
President pro tempore of Senate
The President pro tempore of the Senate is the head of the Senate, and he is elected by the Senate. He is responsible for presiding over the chamber when the vice president is not in town.
The president pro tempore also appoints the director of the Congressional Budget Office and Senate legislative and legal counsels.
He also makes appointments to various national commissions and receives reports from certain government agencies.
Members of the cabinet attend weekly meetings with the President and are among his closest advisors.
According to the constitution, a president may request the opinion of the principal officer of an executive department on a matter.
However, the Constitution does not specify how many cabinet-level positions exist.
The President pro tempore of the Senate is an elected position, a position in which a president temporarily steps down.
The Vice President is a member of the executive branch and is appointed by the President.
The Vice President presides over the Senate only on ceremonial occasions and when a tie-breaking vote is needed.
As a result, the Vice President rarely attends routine debates in the Senate.
His attendance is limited to the most important votes and parliamentary decisions.
Additionally, the Vice President has no voting power unless there are ties between members.
Al Gore broke a tie in 1993 by casting his vote, which is rare, but not unprecedented.
The President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House are elected officials.
In the past, these positions served a dual role in the presidential succession process.
The Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate would assume the vice president’s position until the next presidential election.
If both were removed, a special presidential election would be held to replace both the president and the vice president.